Case Studies

 Sanitation microcredit for female headed households – A case of Kagera and Mara regions of Tanzania
Author: UN-HABITAT Regions: Tanzania Document type: Case study
Description: The Sanitation Microcredit Revolving Fund approach was introduced to discourage the “traditional” un-effective approaches such as giving grants to communities which has not been successful as the expected outcome of replication has not been realized due to a biased dependency.

Author: LADA (Literacy Action and Development Agency) Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: The project basically targeted the remote Rural and neglected populations, and ideally Children and households affected by HIV/AIDS to ensure their access to water and sanitation.

Author: Lesa Mukulu Enterprise Regions: Zambia Document type: Case study
Description: The project is part of the Education programmes on sanitation and water through awareness. It aimed at creating employment to the youth in their community by recycling some waste such as metal, plastic and papers to recycling companies for income generation activities at all times, ensure that their settlement I clean and free from diseases.

Author: Grassroots Regions: Ghana Document type: Case study
Description: This study looks at the policy framework of water privatization in Ghana, the main actors, the key strategies of engagement and the potential for grassroots mobilization for advocacy and participation in national water governance. The study looks at the backdrop to the emergence of the Coalition Against the Privatization of Water (CAP OF WATER) in Ghana and how it created an enabling environment for unprecedented civil society engagement with government leading to a major policy change.

Author: ZWASA (Zambia Water and Sanitation Alliance) Regions: Zambia Document type: Case study
Description: The aim of the project was to bring together all stakeholders to understand that much as we have the right to life, so is our right to water which is key and to turn water into a basic right as opposed to the traditional basic need belief. The main objective of the project was to ensure that rights were realized and enshrined in the National Constitution for the benefit of the people who, having access to safe clean water is a dream and whose siblings are today filling half of the hospital beds suffering from sanitation and water-borne diseases. The project aimed at shifting from charity- based approach to rights and responsibilities approach.

Author: OXFAM Regions: Zambia Document type: Case study
Description: Oxfam’s experience in working with communities and councils in delivering WASH in Zambia, setting up of water supply operation and maintenance systems.

Author: Uganda Environmental Education Foundation Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: The project aimed at reducing communicable illnesses by improving the sanitation situation, initiating business enterprises arising from sanitation services and enhancing agricultural productivity.

Author: WEDA Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: This case study is focusing on an innovative and effective sanitation approach for the rural areas aimed at sharing our experience with sector actors on how putting community members in clusters of 5-10 households has helped the rural areas we work with transform their hygiene and sanitation with minimal resources, and improved sanitation coverage in the rural villages of Amuria and Katakwi district. With funding from WaterAid Uganda, WEDA collaborated with the district Water Offices of Amuria and Katakwi, the 5 Sub County offices of Acowa, Kuju and Abarilela in Amuria district, Toroma and Kapujan Sub County in Katakwi district. Achievements include; 100% sanitation coverage in 11 communities, scaling up sanitation coverage in the 2 Sub Counties of Kuju and Acowa to 81% and 80.4% respectively from as low as 21% and WEDA getting an Award from the Ministry of Water and Environment in recognition for being the best performing NGO in the WASH sector in 2007/2008.

 Innovative and effective sanitation approaches for urban poor and rural areas - Increasing sanitation coverage through a sanitation revolving fund
Author: KATOSI Women Dev. Trust Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: The KWDT Integrated WATSAN program was initiated in 2002 after a baseline survey that revealed disastrous water and hygiene situation for the fishing community. KWDT working with organized women groups launched a Water Hygiene and Sanitation program to increase their access to clean safe water, sanitation and hygiene. The program supports rural women to access sanitation facilities at household level in a revolving manner.

Author: UN-HABITAT Regions: Kenya Document type: Case study
Description: The Overall Objective of the HPS is to improve the hygienic conditions of a selected number of Korogocho primary schools and to promote the improvement of the healthy behaviors and conditions of the school staff, students, parents and community members, by upgrading the water, sanitation and waste management facilities of the schools and the surrounding communities, and by providing capacity building on water and sanitation related health issues. The intervention is being implemented in partnership with a Kenyan based international None Governmental Organisation African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC). The intervention is in line with the UN-HABITAT water and sanitation strategy of 2008 – 2012 (UNHABITAT 2008).

Author: Logo 1er Regions: DRC Document type: Case study
Description: The project aimed at the installation of hard plastic waste grinding unit for Kinshasa underprivileged townships sanitation using street children. Fight against lack of sanitation.

Author: Society for Water and Sanitation Regions: Nigeria Document type: Case study
Description: To meet the MDGs on water and sanitation, Nigeria has channelled $1bn annually being gains from debt relief to MDG projects since 2006 with water sector getting 10 per cent of this amount outside the annual budgetary allocation to water and sanitation. N65,88,096,606.00 was allocated to Water in 2009. Despite these huge allocations by the federal government, Nigeria is not on the road to meeting the MDGs. The implication is that much of the funds are diverted into private pockets by corrupt government officials acting in collusion with some contractors. This informed the decision by NEWSAN to embark on budget monitoring and tracking in three states namely: Benue, Plateau and Kaduna. The project is being supported by Governance and Transparency Funds (GTF) of British Department for International Development (DFID).

Author: ANEW Regions: East Africa Document type: Case study
Description: This case study summarises the experiences of African Civil Society Network’s on Water and Sanitation (ANEW) arising from National water and sanitation National multi-stakeholder dialogues on the Right to Water held in Kenya and Uganda in August 2010. The experiences from Tanzania and Rwanda are not part of this case study but have also been carried out and we appreciate the efforts of Rwanda Water and Sanitation Forum (RWASEF) and Tanzania Water and Sanitation Network (TaWaSaNet).

 Equity and Inclusion sensitivity gets WASH to the marginalized peri urban poor
Author: Busoga Trust Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: The project aimed at improving the quality of life, for rural communities in (Mpigi District) through sustainable provision of safe water, hygiene and sanitation practices by 2012.

Author: UN-HABITAT Regions: Uganda Document type: Case study
Description: UN-HABITAT is promoting sanitation microcredit/revolving fund programme for the urban poor in general and for female headed households in particular. It is being implemented in Africa and Asia (Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Nigeria, Senegal, Burkina Faso, Mali, India, Nepal, Lao PDR, Vietnam, PR China and Cambodia). UN-HABITAT implements the programme through the partnership with local NGOs. Priority accorded to urban poor in particular female headed households. The programme provides small loans to poor urban families for water connections and construction of low cost improved toilets.

Author: Life and Peace Development Organization (LAPDO) Regions: Nigeria Document type: Case study
Description: Budgets are allocated for water, sanitation and hygiene in the LGAs but are not really reaching the communities. Community members are not aware of projects in the budget for water, sanitation and hygiene. Service providers do not get feedback from community members on the quality of service provided. WaterAid Nigeria supported a civil society coalition in Ekiti State to work in her focused LGAs and communities to empower community members on their rights as well as track budgets for water, sanitation and hygiene. CSOs capacity was built on Budget Tracking and Citizens’ Action to enable them raise awareness of consumers and service providers on their entitlements, rights and responsibilities. 

Author: Community Life Improvement Programme (CLIP) Regions: Ghana Document type: Case study
Description: The approach involves an awards scheme based on agreed rules set by participating communities/schools as assessment indicators or benchmarks for maximum compliance to win the flagship award. Monthly inspections are done and if standards are not maintained or improved, the flag is taken away. Environmental Health Extension Officers as mandated specialized department responsible for environmental health at the Local Government administrative councils and local community members acting as peer-assessors are central in this approach. Also the media, creating a media hype on the participants to trigger and stiffen the competition.

Author: MAJI NA UFANISI Regions: Kenya Document type: Case study
Description: The project aimed at assisting the community improve its dire water supply and sanitation situation and to secure the village for themselves by investing in infrastructure.

For more case studies, please email us at info@anewafrica.org.

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